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 Mechanisms and Models. An Interpretive Framework for the Study of the Sciences
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Mechanisms and Models. An Interpretive Framework for the Study of the Sciences

автор Donald D. издательство Книга по Требованию Основы философии
Cтраниц 324        мягкая обложка       
Аннотация:The second part develops a framework for mechanistic explanation that is not based primarily on laws. Drawing on the work of William Bechtel and Ronald Giere, the book outlines an interpretive framework for the study of the sciences based on mechanisms and models rather than laws. The first part looks at the history of mathematics and mechanistic explanation, which developed hand in hand in the 17th century and provided support for the idea that scientific knowledge is epitomized by laws of nature. The third part presents a model-based account of scientific explanation and a naturalized account of reasoning and judgment, in which scientists are seen as constructing models that are similar to various aspects of the real world rather than discovering universal generalizations, or laws of nature, the truth of which can be warranted by the employment of universal principles of rationality that can be justified a priori; and the use of models to represent the world can only be understood within the context of scientific practice, in which interests and purposes, as well as empirical observations, play a role in determining what models are proposed,
Автор: Donald D.
Издательство: Книга по Требованию
Год:2009
Цена:
3190 руб
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Поиск: Mechanisms and Models. An Interpretive Framework for the Study of the Sciences
НОВЫЙ ГОД СИМВОЛ 2013 ГОДАУКРАШЕНИЯ
КАРНАВАЛ НА НОВЫЙ ГОД РАСПРОДАЖА
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Не правда ли, звучит знакомо? Эти метаданные похожи на библиотеки типов ( ypelib), генерируемые компонентами Compo e Objec Model (COM). Метаданные, порождаемые . E -компилятором, как правило, не только намного выразительнее и полнее, чем библиотеки типов СОМ, к которым мы успели привыкнуть. Метаданные также всегда внедрены в ЕХЕ-файл. Благодаря этому исключены случайные потери метаданных приложения и рассогласование файлов. Причина использования метаданных очевидна. Благодаря этой технологии CLR узнает, какие во время выполнения потребуются типы и какие методы должны быть вызваны. Это дает среде возможность выполнить должную настройку для более эффективного выполнения приложения. Механизм запроса метаданных называется отражением (reflec io ). Библиотеки классов . E Framework имеют целый набор методов отражения, позволяющих любому приложению (и не только CLR) запросить метаданные другого приложения. Такие инструменты, как Visual S udio. E , используют методы отражения для реализации средств подобных I elliSe se. При наличии I e-lliSe se вы, набирая имя метода, видите на экране всплывающий список с аргументами этого метода. Visual S udio. E дополняет это средство, показывая еще и все члены типа. Об API отражения см. главу 15. Еще один чрезвычайно полезный .
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