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 Investigating the Neural Substrates of Relapse Behavior. The Role of the Hippocampus, Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis, and Nucleus Accumbens in Contextual Fear Conditioning and Reinstatement
Наименование:

Investigating the Neural Substrates of Relapse Behavior. The Role of the Hippocampus, Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis, and Nucleus Accumbens in Contextual Fear Conditioning and Reinstatement

автор Russell F. издательство Книга по Требованию История христианства
Cтраниц 84        мягкая обложка       
Аннотация:Two experiments examined the role of the hippocampus and two of its efferent targets, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) and nucleus accumbens, in two protocols for creating contextual freezing, and the reinstatement of conditioned fear in rats. This model is frequently used as a research model of relapse for the treatment of drug abuse and anxiety disorders. Reinstatement occurs when exposure to the unconditioned stimulus alone (i. e. , context conditioning), after extinction, causes a recovery of responding to the conditioned stimulus. The results of these experiments suggest that hippocampal-BST neural circuitry is critically involved in the reinstatement effect and the production of a state that is more like anxiety than fear. The hippocampal formation has also been implicated in the acquisition and expression of contextual freezing. Reinstatement of conditioned fear has been shown to depend on the hippocampal formation.
Автор: Russell F.
Издательство: Книга по Требованию
Год:2009
Цена:
1980 руб
Нет в наличии
Поиск: Investigating the Neural Substrates of Relapse Behavior. The Role of the Hippocampus, Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis, and Nucleus Accumbens in Contextual Fear Conditioning and Reinstatement



Special fields of psychology

I 1939 Lewi oge her wi h wo of his doc oral s ude s published he resul s of a experime of sig ifica his orical impor a ce. he i ves iga ors had arra ged o have he same adul s play differe leadership roles while direc i g ma ched groups of childre . he adul s a emp ed o es ablish par icular clima es— ha is, social e viro me al co di io s—of democra ic, au ocra ic, or comple ely laissez-faire leadership. he reac io s of he childre i he groups were carefully observed, a d de ailed o es were ake o he pa er s of social i erac io ha emerged. Al hough he experime i self had ma y deficie cies, i demo s ra ed ha some hi g as ebulous as a democra ic social clima e could be crea ed u der co rolled labora ory co di io s. he origi ali y a d success of his research had a libera i g effec o o her i ves iga ors. By he e d of World War II, a ou pouri g of experime al research i volvi g he ma ipula io of emporary social e viro me s hrough labora ory s agecraf bega . A he same ime, impor a adva ces occurred i o experime al, or field, research i social psychology. he objec ive ra her ha he specula ive s udy of social behavior is he curre re d i social psychology. Research Areas. Social psychology shares ma y co cer s wi h o her discipli es, especially wi h sociology a d cul ural a hropology. he hree scie ces differ, however, i ha whereas he sociologis s udies social groups a d i s i u io s a d he a hropologis s udies huma cul ures, he social psychologis focuses a e io o how social groups, i s i u io s, a d cul ures affec he behavior of he i dividual. he major areas of research i social psychology are he followi g. Socializa io . Social psychologis s who s udy he phe ome a of socializa io , mea i g he process of bei g made fi or rai ed for a social e viro me , are i eres ed i how i dividuals lear he rules gover i g heir behavior oward o her perso s i socie y, he groups of which hey are members, a d i dividuals wi h whom hey come i o co ac .
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