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 Estimating Vehicle Emissions in Transportation Planning. By Incorporating the Effect of Network Characteristics on Driving Patterns
Наименование:

Estimating Vehicle Emissions in Transportation Planning. By Incorporating the Effect of Network Characteristics on Driving Patterns

издательство Книга по Требованию Прочие виды транспорта
Cтраниц 156        мягкая обложка       
Аннотация:ESC considered in this research includes geometric design elements, traffic characteristics, roadside environmental characteristics, and driver behavior. Geometric design elements of roads exert greater influence on driving patterns than the traffic, the roadway environmental and the driver characteristics and in turn on the quantum of emissions. This book provides a valid methodology for emission estimation based on available data sources with marginal increase in cost and will be highly useful to traffic agencies and practitioners. Emission from motor vehicles is a major source of air pollution. However, the static travel demand model hampers accuracy of predicting driving patterns. This book illustrates an approach to predict driving patterns more accurately by considering a set of emission specific characteristics (ESC) for each network link. Modal emission models are the thrust of recent researches and it overcomes some of the shortcomings in the existing emission rate models. The primary input to modal emission models is the fraction of time spent in different driving patterns. Accurate emission estimation is imminent to effectively control air pollution.
Издательство: Книга по Требованию
Год:2008
Цена:
2415 руб
Нет в наличии
Поиск: Estimating Vehicle Emissions in Transportation Planning. By Incorporating the Effect of Network Characteristics on Driving Patterns
НОВЫЙ ГОД СИМВОЛ 2013 ГОДАУКРАШЕНИЯ
КАРНАВАЛ НА НОВЫЙ ГОД РАСПРОДАЖА
Ортомолекулярная медицина Orthomol Устрание причин заболеваний. Ортомоль это новый метод для лечения и профилактики болезней. Orthomol - ортомолекулярная медицина.
Экономика и экология

А если, несмотря на все старания «уничтожить врага в его собственном логове» (в смысле, в цилиндрах двигателя) что-то в выхлопную трубу и проскочит, то наружу не выйдет: специальные датчики тут же сообщат об этом компьютеру, который, перенаправив коварную порцию выхлопа в специальный отсек, уничтожит ее там с помощью электричества. Разумеется, не забыли навесить на двигатель и специально разработанный каталитический дожигатель особой конструкции. Результат, как говорится, превзошел все ожидания: мощность двигателя снизилась совсем ненамного, экономичность не пострадала, а что касается выхлопа — забавно, но факт: процентное содержание в нем вредных веществ заметно меньше, чем в воздухе, которым дышат жители, например, центральных районов Лос-Анджелеса. Видимо, будет иметь смысл выводить выхлопную трубу автомобиля прямо в салон — чтоб легче дышалось. Этот достойный агрегат получил название Z-LEV (Zero Emissio Vehicle), и производить его планируется. только через пару-тройку лет. А собственно, почему? Правительство штата Калифорния (США) намерено с 2003 года ввести жесткую квоту: 10% новых автомобилей, регистрируемых в штате, должны быть абсолютно экологически чистыми (имелись в виду, прежде всего, электромобили).
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