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 The Commercialization of Water Utilities. How Cities in Finland quench their Thirst for Money
Наименование:

The Commercialization of Water Utilities. How Cities in Finland quench their Thirst for Money

автор Richard W. издательство Книга по Требованию Искусство управления в организации
Cтраниц 240        мягкая обложка       
Аннотация:Water utilities are increasingly managed like private sector businesses. By taking a close look at the change processes, the involved actors, and outcomes, the entrepreneurialization of local government is identified as the main cause of the commercialization of water utilities. Short-term profit maximization wins over infrastructure investments. While most research treats this problem as a consequence of privatization and argues that water services are safer when in public hands, this book shows how water services commercialize under public ownership. The conclusion is that keeping water services in public ownership cannot be the answer to sustainable water services alone. As a consequence, water services turn from a public service into a foremost commercial operation.
Автор: Richard W.
Издательство: Книга по Требованию
Год:2008
Цена:
3233 руб
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Поиск: The Commercialization of Water Utilities. How Cities in Finland quench their Thirst for Money



Корея

По условиям заключаемых контрактов подобного рода поставки финансировались кредитами из расчета 3% годовых с по­гашением задолженности в трехлетний срок. Помимо указанного Южная Корея была вынуждена приобретать и машинное оборудование, непосредственно используемоев произ­водственных процессах. Как правило, закупки станков и агрега­тов сопровождались приобретением прав на использование техно­логических процессов. Потребность в них увеличивалась с каждым годом. Соответственно росли и отчисления на оплату как самой техники, так и технологии "k ow how". Всего за 1962-1982гг. между Южной Кореей и развитыми капиталистическими странами бы­ла зафиксирована 2281 сделка на приобретение технических " ow how" на общую сумму 681 млн.$, что составило 47,7% суммы пря­мых инвестиций за тот же период. Из приведенных в табл.1 данных видно, что львиная до­лясделок, связанных с приобретением производственного оборудо­вания и связанных с ним "k ow how", заключалось с японскими бизнесменами(56,4%), хотя  к  сотрудничеству  с южнокорейскими фирмами на этом поприще они приступили на  4  года  позже  чем американские и прочие деловые круги.
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