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 Consensual Sex and HIV/AIDS. A Comparative Law and Economics Approach to the Role of Criminal Law
Наименование:

Consensual Sex and HIV/AIDS. A Comparative Law and Economics Approach to the Role of Criminal Law

автор Mulugeta A.B. издательство Книга по Требованию Криминалистическая систематика
Cтраниц 88        мягкая обложка       
Аннотация:Consensual sexual relationships result in inefficiencies attributed to information asymmetry. Several countries have criminalized intentional and/or reckless transmission of/exposure to HIV in consensual sex. Yet, criminal law is not the optimal instrument to deal with the problem. This is characterized by a sex market wherein the participants are mainly HIV-positive. The defendant is tortiously liable only when there is infection (exposure is not sufficient). Informed consent (not use of condoms) should be a defence. Efficiency requires regulation of consensual relationships be left mainly to tort law. There is no agreement either among legal commentators on what is the ‘best law’. Differences among legal systems are observed on: whether exposure is enough or actual infection is required; what kinds of sexual intercourse are criminalized; whether disclosure is an affirmative defence or whether non-disclosure is a constitutive element of the crime; whether specific intent, in addition to knowledge of one’s HIV-positive status, needs to be established by the prosecution; and whether use of condoms is an affirmative defence.
Автор: Mulugeta A.B.
Издательство: Книга по Требованию
Год:2010
Цена:
2007 руб
Нет в наличии
Поиск: Consensual Sex and HIV/AIDS. A Comparative Law and Economics Approach to the Role of Criminal Law
НОВЫЙ ГОД СИМВОЛ 2013 ГОДАУКРАШЕНИЯ
КАРНАВАЛ НА НОВЫЙ ГОД РАСПРОДАЖА
Ортомолекулярная медицина Orthomol Устрание причин заболеваний. Ортомоль это новый метод для лечения и профилактики болезней. Orthomol - ортомолекулярная медицина.
СПИД

На протяжении двадцати лет произошли большие перемены в том, что известно о ВИЧ и СПИДе, и в отношении общества к этой проблеме. От невежества и слепого страха перед неизвестной болезнью человечество пришло к частичной победе науки над вирусом, а здравого смысла - над истерией и спидофобией. История СПИДа в мире 1978 У нескольких пациентов в США и Швеции (у мужчин-гомосексуалов), а также в Танзании и на Гаити (у гетеросексуалов обоего пола) зарегистрированы симптомы заболевания, которое через несколько лет назовут СПИД. 1981 Центром по контролю заболеваемости США отмечено большое число случаев редкого рака кожи (саркомы Капоши) у молодых геев. Это заболевание вначале назвали "рак гомосексуалов" ("gay ca cer"), а затем ГРИД - "иммунодефицит гомосексуалов" (GRID - "gay-rela ed immu e deficie cy"). В 1981 году от этого заболевания в США умерло не менее 128 человек. 1982 Специалисты Центра по контролю заболеваемости США (CDC) предполагают, что новое заболевание связано с кровью. Впервые используется название СПИД - "синдром приобретенного иммунодефицита" (AIDS -"acquired immu e dificie cy sy drome"). Причина болезни и пути ее передачи пока неизвестны. 1983 Люк Монтанье из Института Пастера (Франция) открыл вирус, который считают причиной СПИДа - ВИЧ, или "вирус иммунодефицита человека (HIV - "huma immu e deficie cy virus").
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