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 Copper Diffusion Barriers. An Alternative Approach
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Copper Diffusion Barriers. An Alternative Approach

автор Seemant R. издательство Книга по Требованию Химическая и лесная промышленность
Cтраниц 136        мягкая обложка       
Аннотация:There is therefore a need to find a diffusion barrier for Cu. This book explores ternary nitrides and a bi-layers approach as alternative solutions towards achieving the goal. As device dimensions shrink, there is an urgent need to replace conventionally used aluminum interconnects to achieve increased current density requirements and better performance at future technology node. However, Cu has its own problems in its integration. Copper is a viable candidate due to its lower resistivity and higher resistance to electromigration. It diffuses rapidly through SiO2, Si and Ge into the active regions of the device, thereby deteriorating device performance. Diffusion barriers are grown on Si and Ge substrates to understand their interactions with both which would possibly give an insight into the behavior of it reacting with SiGe substrates.
Автор: Seemant R.
Издательство: Книга по Требованию
Год:2010
Цена:
2313 руб
Нет в наличии
Поиск: Copper Diffusion Barriers. An Alternative Approach
НОВЫЙ ГОД СИМВОЛ 2013 ГОДАУКРАШЕНИЯ
КАРНАВАЛ НА НОВЫЙ ГОД РАСПРОДАЖА
Ортомолекулярная медицина Orthomol Устрание причин заболеваний. Ортомоль это новый метод для лечения и профилактики болезней. Orthomol - ортомолекулярная медицина.
Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service...

I co ras o he models developed i , our approach addi io ally represe s he mobili y of users hrough arrival ra es of ew GSM a d GPRS users as well as ha dover ra es of GSM a d GPRS users from eighbori g cells. Fur hermore, we co sider users wi h differe QoS profiles modeled by a weigh ed fair queuei g scheme accordi g o . he remai der of he paper is orga ized as follows. Sec io 2 describes he basic GPRS e work archi ec ure, he radio i erface, a d differe QoS profiles, which will be co sidered i he simula or. I Sec io 3 we describe he sof ware archi ec ure of he GPRS simula or, de ails abou he mobili y of GSM a d GPRS users, he way we modeled quali y of service profiles, a d he workload model we used. Resul s of he simula io s udies are prese ed i Sec io 4. We provide curves for average carried raffic a d packe loss probabili ies for differe cha el alloca io schemes a d packe priori ies as well as curves for average hroughpu per GPRS user.3 he Simula io Model We co sider a clus er comprisi g of sever hexadiago al cells i a i egra ed GSM/GPRS e work, servi g circui -swi ched voice a d packe -swi ched da a calls. he performa ce s udies prese ed i Sec io 4 were co duc ed for he i ermos cell of he seve cell clus er.
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