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 A CASE STUDY OF THE MIDDLE BELT OF NIGERIA LAUGHTER AND CONFLICTS IN AFRICA. PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN AFRICA:
Наименование:

A CASE STUDY OF THE MIDDLE BELT OF NIGERIA LAUGHTER AND CONFLICTS IN AFRICA. PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN AFRICA:

автор Elias N. издательство Книга по Требованию Основы социологии
Cтраниц 296        мягкая обложка       
Аннотация:Generally, this book demonstrates that rituals performed during joking relationship are important tools for mediating conflicts in Africa societies. This book examines joking relationship a traditional conflict mediating technique used for the maintenance of social cohesion in traditional Africa. This book demonstrates that even though Africa has strong and virile traditional conflict mediating techniques, its non application has left the continent bedevilled by intractable conflicts. The book suggest the inclusion of traditional mediating principles such as ceremonies, festivals that involve emotional displays such as communal eating, drinking and dancing in conflict resolution in Africa. For any conflict to be properly resolved, the entire community should be involved so that the agreement undertaken by the group will be meaningful, and conflicting communities will certainly respect them. The book argues that round table negotiations and signing of paper agreements have no efficacy within the traditional and cultural conflict situations in Africa because socially, Africa is communal in nature; that is, everyone is involved in most of the decisions undertaken within the community.
Автор: Elias N.
Издательство: Книга по Требованию
Год:2011
Цена:
3095 руб
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Поиск: A CASE STUDY OF THE MIDDLE BELT OF NIGERIA LAUGHTER AND CONFLICTS IN AFRICA. PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN AFRICA:
НОВЫЙ ГОД СИМВОЛ 2013 ГОДАУКРАШЕНИЯ
КАРНАВАЛ НА НОВЫЙ ГОД РАСПРОДАЖА
Ортомолекулярная медицина Orthomol Устрание причин заболеваний. Ортомоль это новый метод для лечения и профилактики болезней. Orthomol - ортомолекулярная медицина.
Эквивалентность перевода при передаче семантики языковых...

Понятно, что речь идет не о таких случаях, когда изменение порядка слов связано с коренным преобразованием субъектно-объектных отношений типа «Танки закрыли кусты» и «Кусты закрыли танки», а о структурно идентичных предложениях с одинаковым способом описания ситуации. Порядок слов в высказывании может выполнять одну из трех основных функций: служить средством оформления определенной грамматической категории, обеспечивать смысловую связь между частями высказывания и между соседними высказываниями (служить средством коммуникативного членения высказывания и текста) и указывать на эмоциональный характер высказывания. Несовпадение способов выражения любой из этих функций в ИЯ и ПЯ может приводить к несовпадению порядка слов в эквивалентных высказываниях с аналогичной синтаксической структурой. Сравним переводы двух английских предложений: A mee i g i defe ce of peace was held i rafalgar Square yes erday. he mee i g i defe ce of peace i rafalgar Square co dem ed he apar heid policy i Sou h Africa. В обоих предложениях порядок слов фиксирован правилами построения английских предложений подобного типа. Для указания на характер коммуникативного членения высказывания английский язык использует различие в значении определенного и неопределенного артиклей.
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